11 Jun Strategies alliances articles should show up in task Community organizing and social movements, similarities and differences, the research behind and the hands
Strategies & alliances articles should show up in task
Community organizing and social movements, similarities and differences, the research behind
and the hands on. Community organizing takes more of a connected approach, usually affiliated
with a sponsoring network. Social movements, usually happening over time, are ideologically
motivated. Institution-based community organizing plays a key role in reinvigorating democratic
documents the dramatic expansion
of the field over the last decade; provides a comprehensive profile
of the field’s member institutions, board members, and staff; outlines links to faith communities
and how IBCOs incorporate spiritual practices into their work;
Hi, below are full instructions. I picked child homelessness in DC and am trying to connect that do public schools in DC. I picked the organization called StandUp for Kids.
Please use all articles attached as well as many additional ones and create an APA work cited page. Below are some additional notes. With the attached articles when using them please include, when we read ___ in class..etc,
Strategies & alliances articles should show up in task
Community organizing and social movements, similarities and differences, the research behind and the hands on. Community organizing takes more of a connected approach, usually affiliated with a sponsoring network. Social movements, usually happening over time, are ideologically motivated. Institution-based community organizing plays a key role in reinvigorating democratic zeal.
documents the dramatic expansion
of the field over the last decade; provides a comprehensive profile
of the field’s member institutions, board members, and staff; outlines links to faith communities and how IBCOs incorporate spiritual practices into their work;
You will see this in the part of the task I started please use what I started with. Also it includes a piece about my experience working with someone from the organization, please pretend here that you interviewed someone from stand up for kids or observed one of their volunteer events. This needs to be in APA format and have good works sited. I will attach the articles from class that I would also like you to connect which you have already read from old task. Majority of your sited work should be on child homelessness in DC and you can make connections to works in other major cities, LA, NY, Philadelphia etc.
Please complete all parts with quality
· Choose an area of civic interest outside of the education space that interacts with the education space
· Examples: municipal government, criminal justice, housing services, nutrition services, health services
· Read and summarize some of the research regarding this area
· Identify an organization that does work in your area of interest
· Examples: a city agency, a homeless shelter, scouts, chamber of commerce
· Research the issue, as well as the organization’s history with, perspectives on, and activities related to the issue
· Interact directly with the organization through participating in events, observing meetings, and/or interviewing individuals (please pretend here as if you interviewed a volunteer from the organization 2 times)
· Write a paper describing your experience and how it relates to what we have read, discussed, and written about in class
· Paper Components
· Your experience of the organization
· A brief overview of how you interacted with the organization and what data you collected, as well as your personal reaction to interacting with the organization
· Organizational Field
· The larger arena within which the organization is situated
· Major players
· E.g., United Way
· Key recommended practices
· E.g., homelessness experts advocating for stable housing first, then addressing employment, mental health, drug use, etc.
· Research on the field
· E.g., one study found homelessness in a community was reduced 25% by…
· Description of the organization
· Core services
· Founding, struggles, triumphs, shifts in mission
· Governance structure
· Non-profit status, leadership, board
· Funding sources
· Local ecosystem within which the organization resides
· E.g., a homeless shelter in Philadelphia is embedded in a system of other services for homeless individuals
· Alliances and collaborations
· E.g., a homeless shelter might partner with a mental health clinic
· Research on the organization or similar organizations
· Application of what we’ve learned in class to the organization
· Paper Structure
· The structure of the paper can take a number of different forms
· When describing the organization, you should not strictly follow the outline, as different aspects of the organization will undoubtedly be interrelated
· The paper should flow in a logical sequence, unfurling the story of your focal organization, while at the same time developing theoretical connections drawn from our readings, assignments, and discussions
· The text can be organized according to salient aspects of the organization
· E.g., its founding, its governance, its alliances or
· The text can be organized according to the big ideas in the field
· E.g., how the poor are viewed, the responsibilities of government or
· The text can be organized according to the key concepts we have been learning
· E.g., the role of school in society, social movements, policy and politics or
· The text can be organized in a combination of the ways described above
· Maximum: 25 pages double spaced
The Intersection of Homelessness and Public Schools
In Washington Dc there are approximately 32,000 people living in poverty and about 6,000 homeless children. Homelessness in children is an issue we are beginning to see more in our classrooms in Washington DC. Homelessness can often lead to depression, anxiety, and emotional insecurities in children. Children in urban environments living in poverty are more likely to experience homelessness in their lifetime.
According to the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, public school data reported to the U.S. Department of Education during the 2018-2019 school year show that an estimated 6,858 public school students experienced homelessness over the course of the year. Of that total, 108 students were unsheltered, 1,427 were in shelters, 318 were in hotels/motels, and 4,746 were doubled up. Data since the covid 19 pandemic has not yet been updated, however, the rise of homelessness across the country due to the covid 19 pandemic could directly correlate to including more homeless students.
Homelessness in Washington D.C
Child Homelessness and Housing Insecurity in America
Public Schools + Housing insecurity
· Major players?
· Key recommended practices for children experiencing homelessness
· Alliances and collaborations
StandUp for Kids
· Core services
· founding/struggles/shifts in mission
· Nonprofit status?
· Funding sources
Other Organizations with similar missions/purposes
Application of what we learned in class
Strategies & alliances
StandUp for Kids is a national non-profit organization dedicated to ending the cycle of youth homelessness in local communities. Founded in 1990, StandUp for kids has cared for homeless and at-risk youth by transitioning them from crisis to connection. StandUp for kids gives youth a sense of safety, hope, and belonging through housing support, mentoring, drop-in centers, and street outreach. The organization has the highest independent ratings for fiscal stewardship of all donations. In Washington D.C since 2000, StandUp for Kids has empowered youth up to age 25 who are without homes or at-risk for homelessness in the Washington, DC area. StandUp for Kids, an all-volunteer organization, uses a combination of StandUp for Kids national activities and collaborations with local organizations to provide youth with the most effective tools and resources for success.
Currently, the services provided include mentoring, tutoring, street outreach, and drop in centers. Through mentoring, StandUp for kids helps youth complete education, gain employment, sustainable housing, improve life skills, and secure vital documents. Through tutoring support, there is assistance with educational needs including obtaining GEDs and the organization also offers one-on-one tutoring services through Community Cares partnership with HousingUp. Street Outreach includes work that is done through volunteering in pairs and/or small groups to connect with DC youth every Tuesday evening from 6-8pm.
Experiencing StandUp for Kids
Bellah, R. N., Madsen, R., Sullivan, W., Swidler, A., & Tipton, S. (1991, July 12). “The good society”: Shaping institutions that shape us. Commonweal, 425-429.
In the text, Bella defines institutions as organizations that depend on moral ecology to remain healthy. However, the institution is made ideally with the individualism culture that makes the idea of institutions not easily accessible for most individuals. The institutions with individualisms also makes it challenging to guarantee fairness in the institutions. Therefore, Bellah defines institutions as organizations established with a specific purpose to achieve in the community.
These institutions need togetherness and the desire to work in unison. The corporation is the main institution in American life. Therefore, the institutions must establish a specific historical pattern of duties and rights of responsibilities and power that makes institutions considered a significant force in American life. Institutions must not be confused with the organizations. With the organizations, one has the choice of changing the organization when they feel they are not treated fairly, however, with an institution, it might be challenging since once one shifts the institution, they grow into destructors in life experiences.
Course Name, Number
Question 1: 5 Similar products/ technologies
Netflix is an example of a disruptive technology concept in society. It was introduced to create a new market and replace the other existing technologies in the entertainment industry. For instance, video cassettes and compact disks in the entertainment industry were constantly used (Christensen et al., 2013). Thus, streaming innovations like Netflix and YouTube have taken over the entertainment industry with the availability of cheap internet.
The light bulb also has another disruptive technology that has successfully taken over the lighting industry. Initially, people used paraffin and other fossil fuels for lighting. Over the years, the evolutions and infrastructural developments have promoted the availability of electricity in various parts of the world; thus, light bulbs are replacing the traditional lighting technologies in the lighting industry.
Personal Computer Systems
Like the Apple Inc smartphone's innovation, the PC technology also disrupted the use of mainframe computers. The introduction of the mainframe computers embraced the first manifestations of digital technology. However, using the mainframe computers was advantageous since they needed many skills to operate and huge cash to own. Huge institutions only owned them, with the operators taking along for the training. Thus the introduction of the minicomputers changed the market for owning and managing computers.
For a long time, Apple's innovations have maintained market relevance, and it is also considered a disruptive technology since it has shifted the market in the communication industry (Christensen et al., 2013). Initially, people relied on letters and public phones to connect. However, with the introduction of the Apple handset, one can compose a text and send it without going to the public phone booth to make calls.
3D Printing Technology
3D printing technology is another influential disruptive technology applicable to manufacturing innovation. The 3D printing technology is used in creating prototypes. Recently, the most disruptive devices and applications have been launched and are applicable in remote printing and manufacturing more sophisticated designs.
Netflix technology has also applied the alternative concept of the Robert and Berry Model. The Robert and Berry Model discusses the value of familiarity where the market can take time to integrate with an item but later makes it the favorite. Netflix was not embraced initially due to the high charges of the internet. Currently, it has taken over the market in the entertainment industry.
The light bulb has also applied an alternative technology to the Robert and Berry Model. The model suggests the familiarity of the product with the new market. Most people continued using paraffin for lighting despite the availability of light bulbs due to the lack of electricity in their regions. However, with the availability of electricity currently, the lighting industry has familiarized itself with lightbulb technology.
Personal Computer Systems
The Personal Computer systems apply the concept of the Abernathy- Clark Model. The model classified the initial innovation of the mainframe computers as outdated technology, and new technology concepts were to be adopted. The concept of the model suggests that the intensity of the obsolescence of knowledge after the personal computer systems innovations was essential in establishing cheaper computers that also require minimum skills to operate.
Apple Technology, however, applied the concept of the Abernathy- Clark model. The model suggests two classifications of the innovations. However, the Apple handset technology relied on the idea of the model that indicates the intensity of changes in the industrial linkages promoted by the mobile phone innovations that simplified the innovations.
3D Printers Technology
The 3D printer technology, however, applied the knowledge of the Henderson- Clark model of innovation. The concept focuses mainly on distinguishing between the architecture and the components. The levels of innovation in making the Henderson- Clark model are high with the occurrence of radical innovation for a better display of images.
Christensen, C., Raynor, M. E., & McDonald, R. (2013). Disruptive innovation. Harvard Business Review.
Politics and the English Language
Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our language — so the argument runs — must inevitably share in the general collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes.
Now, it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes: it is not due simply to the bad influence of this or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration: so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous and is not the exclusive concern of professional writers. I will come back to this presently, and I hope that by that time the meaning of what I have said here will have become clearer. Meanwhile, here are five specimens of the English language as it is now habitually written.
These five passages have not been picked out because they are especially bad — I could have quoted far worse if I had chosen — but because they illustrate various of the mental vices from which we now suffer. They are a little below the average, but are fairly representative examples. I number them so that I can refer back to them when necessary:
I am not, indeed, sure whether it is not true to say that the Milton who once seemed not unlike a seventeenth-century Shelley had not become, out of an experience ever more bitter in each year, more alien [sic] to the founder of that Jesuit sect which nothing could induce him to tolerate.
– Professor Harold Laski (Essay in Freedom of Expression)
Above all, we cannot play ducks and drakes with a native battery of idioms which prescribes egregious collocations of vocables as the Basic put up with for tolerate, or put at a loss for bewilder.
– Professor Lancelot Hogben (Interglossia)
On the one side we have the free personality: by definition it is not neurotic, for it has neither conflict nor dream. Its desires, such as they are, are transparent, for they are just what institutional approval keeps in the forefront of consciousness; another institutional pattern would alter their number and intensity; there is little in them that is natural, irreducible, or culturally dangerous. But on the other side ,the social bond itself is nothing but the mutual reflection of these self-secure integrities. Recall the definition of love. Is not this the very picture of a small academic? Where is there a place in this hall of mirrors for either personality or fraternity?
– Essay on psychology in politics (New York)
All the "best people" from the gentlemen's clubs, and all the frantic fascist captains, united in common hatred of Socialism and bestial horror at the rising tide of the mass revolutionary movement, have turned to acts of provocation, to foul incendiarism, to medieval legends of poisoned wells, to legalize their own destruction of proletarian organizations, and rouse the agitated petty-bourgeoise to chauvinistic fervor on behalf of the fight against the revolutionary way out of the crisis.
– Communist pamphlet
If a new spirit is to be infused into this old country, there is one thorny and contentious reform which must be tackled, and that is the humanization and galvanization of the B.B.C. Timidity here will bespeak canker and atrophy of the soul. The heart of Britain may be sound and of strong beat, for instance, but the British lion's roar at present is like that of Bottom in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream — as gentle as any sucking dove. A virile new Britain cannot continue indefinitely to be traduced in the eyes or rather ears, of the world by the effete languors of Langham Place, brazenly masquerading as "standard English." When the Voice of Britain is heard at nine o'clock, better far and infinitely less ludicrous to hear aitches honestly dropped than the present priggish, inflated, inhibited, school-ma'amish arch braying of blameless bashful mewing maidens!
– Letter in The Tribune
Each of these passages has faults of its own, but, quite apart from avoidable ugliness, two qualities are common to all of them. The first is staleness of imagery; the other is lack of precision. The writer either has a meaning and cannot express it, or he inadvertently says something else, or he is almost indifferent as to whether his words mean anything or not. This mixture of vagueness and sheer incompetence is the most marked characteristic of modern English prose, and especially of any kind of political writing. As soon as certain topics are raised, the concrete melts into the abstract and no one seems able to think of turns of speech that are not hackneyed: prose consists less and less of words chosen for the sake of their meaning, and more and more of phrases tacked together like the sections of a prefabricated henhouse. I list below, with notes and examples, various of the tricks by means of which the work of prose construction is habitually dodged:
Dying metaphors. A newly invented metaphor assists thought by evoking a visual image, while on the other hand a metaphor which is technically "dead" (e.g. iron resolution ) has in effect reverted to being an ordinary word and can generally be used without loss of vividness. But in between these two classes there is a huge dump of worn-out metaphors which have lost all evocative power and are merely used because they save people the trouble of inventing phrases for themselves. Examples are: Ring the changes on, take up the cudgel for, toe the line, ride roughshod over, stand shoulder to shoulder with, play into the hands of, no axe to grind, grist to the mill, fishing in troubled waters, on the order of the day, Achilles' heel, swan song, hotbed . Many of these are used without knowledge of their meaning (what is a "rift," for instance?), and incompatible metaphors are frequently mixed, a sure sign that the writer is not interested in what he is saying. Some metaphors now current have been twisted out of their original meaning without those who use them even being aware of the fact. For example, toe the line is sometimes written as tow the line. Another example is the hammer and the anvil, now always used with the implication that the anvil gets the worst of it. In real life it is always the anvil that breaks the hammer, never the other way about: a writer who stopped to think what he was saying would avoid perverting the original phrase.
Operators or verbal false limbs . These save the trouble of picking out appropriate verbs and nouns, and at the same time pad each sentence with extra syllables which give it an appearance of symmetry. Characteristic phrases are render inoperative, militate against, make contact with, be subjected to, give rise to, give grounds for, have the effect of, play a leading part (role) in, make itself felt, take effect, exhibit a tendency to, serve the purpose of, etc., etc. The keynote is the elimination of simple verbs. Instead of being a single word, such as break, stop, spoil, mend, kill, a verb becomes a phrase, made up of a noun or adjective tacked on to some general-purpose verb such as prove, serve, form, play, render. In addition, the passive voice is wherever possible used in preference to the active, and noun constructions are used instead of gerunds (by examination of instead of by examining). The range of verbs is further cut down by means of the -ize and de- formations, and the banal statements are given an appearance of profundity by means of the not un- formation. Simple conjunctions and prepositions are replaced by such phrases as with respect to, having regard to, the fact that, by dint of, in view of, in the interests of, on the hypothesis that; and the ends of sentences are saved by anticlimax by such resounding commonplaces as greatly to be desired, cannot be left out of account, a development to be expected in the near future, deserving of serious consideration, brought to a satisfactory conclusion, and so on and so forth.
Pretentious diction . Words like phenomenon, element, individual (as noun), objective, categorical, effective, virtual, basic, primary, promote, constitute, exhibit, exploit, utilize, eliminate, liquidate, are used to dress up a simple statement and give an air of scientific impartiality to biased judgements. Adjectives like epoch-making, epic, historic, unforgettable, triumphant, age-old, inevitable, inexorable, veritable, are used to dignify the sordid process of international politics, while writing that aims at glorifying war usually takes on an archaic colour, its characteristic words being: realm, throne, chariot, mailed fist, trident, sword, shield, buckler, banner, jackboot, clarion. Foreign words and expressions such as cul de sac, ancien regime, deus ex machina, mutatis mutandis, status quo, gleichschaltung, weltanschauung , are used to give an air of culture and elegance. Except for the useful abbreviations i.e., e.g. and etc., there is no real need for any of the hundreds of foreign phrases now current in the English language. Bad writers, and especially scientific, political, and sociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that Latin or Greek words are grander than Saxon ones, and unnecessary words like expedite, ameliorate, predict, extraneous, deracinated, clandestine, subaqueous , and hundreds of others constantly gain ground from their Anglo-Saxon numbers. The jargon peculiar to Marxist writing (hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois, these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, White Guard, etc.) consists largely of words translated from Russian, German, or French; but the normal way of coining a new word is to use Latin or Greek root with the appropriate affix and, where necessary, the size formation. It is often easier to make up words of this kind (deregionalize, impermissible, extramarital, non-fragmentary and so forth) than to think up the English words that will cover one's meaning. The result, in general, is an increase in slovenliness and vagueness.
Meaningless words . In certain kinds of writing, particularly in art criticism and literary criticism, it is normal to come across long passages which are almost completely lacking in meaning. Words like romantic, plastic, values, human, dead, sentimental, natural, vitality, as used in art criticism, are strictly meaningless, in the sense that they not only do not point to any discoverable object, but are hardly ever expected to do so by the reader. When one critic writes, "The outstanding feature of Mr. X's work is its living quality," while another writes, "The immediately striking thing about Mr. X's work is its peculiar deadness," the reader accepts this as a simple difference opinion. If words like black and white were involved, instead of the jargon words dead and living, he would see at once that language was being used in an improper way. Many political words are similarly abused. The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies "something not desirable." The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. In the case of a word like democracy, not only is there no agreed definition, but the attempt to make one is resisted from all sides. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using that word if it were tied down to any one meaning. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. That is, the person who uses them has his own private definition, but allows his hearer to think he means something quite different. Statements like Marshal Petain was a true patriot, The Soviet press is the freest in the world, The Catholic Church is opposed to persecution, are almost always made with intent to deceive. Other words used in variable meanings, in most cases more or less dishonestly, are: class, totalitarian, science, progressive, reactionary, bourgeois, equality.
Now that I have made this catalogue of swindles and perversions, let me give another example of the kind of writing that they lead to. This time it must of its nature be an imaginary one. I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of the worst sort. Here is a well-known verse from Ecclesiastes:
I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
Here it is in modern English:
Objective considerations of contemporary phenomena compel the conclusion that success or failure in competitive activities exhibits no tendency to be commensurate with innate capacity, but that a considerable element of the unpredictable must invariably be taken into account.
This is a parody, but not a very gross one. Exhibit (3) above, for instance, contains several patches of the same kind of English. It will be seen that I have not made a full translation. The beginning and ending of the sentence follow the original meaning fairly closely, but in the middle the concrete illustrations — race, battle, bread — dissolve into the vague phrases "success or failure in competitive activities." This had to be so, because no modern writer of the kind I am discussing — no one capable of using phrases like "objective considerations of contemporary phenomena" — would ever tabulate his thoughts in that precise and detailed way. The whole tendency of modern prose is away from concreteness. Now analyze these two sentences a little more closely. The first contains forty-nine words but only sixty syllables, and all its words are those of everyday life. The second contains thirty-eight words of ninety syllables: eighteen of those words are from Latin roots, and one from Greek. The first sentence contains six vivid images, and only one phrase ("time and chance") that could be called vague. The second contains not a single fresh, arresting phrase, and in spite of its ninety syllables it gives only a shortened version of the meaning contained in the first. Yet without a doubt it is the second kind of sentence that is gaining ground in modern English. I do not want to exaggerate. This kind of writing is not yet universal, and outcrops of simplicity will occur here and there in the worst-written page. Still, if you or I were told to write a few lines on the uncertainty of human fortunes, we should probably come much nearer to my imaginary sentence than to the one from Ecclesiastes. As I have tried to show, modern writing at its worst does not consist in picking out words for the sake of their meaning and inventing images in order to make the meaning clearer. It consists in gumming together long strips of words which have already been set in order by someone else, and making the results presentable by sheer humbug. The attraction of this way of writing is that it is easy. It is easier — even quicker, once you have the habit — to say In my opinion it is not an unjustifiable assumption that than to say I think. If you use ready-made phrases, you not only don't have to hunt about for the words; you also don't have