Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Apply the social ecological model to a given health topic in a specific community. Address each level of the ecological model and identify how health education and health promotion will b - EssayAbode

Apply the social ecological model to a given health topic in a specific community. Address each level of the ecological model and identify how health education and health promotion will b

Please see attached file for instructions. Please re-write the attached rouhg draft same pages and citations.

Include information on the role of the health education specialist (or community health worker) under the interpersonal level. Many of them work in college student health and counselor centers.  

Hide Assignment Information


Assignment-Ecological Research Paper:

Apply the social ecological model to a given health topic in a specific community. Address each level of the ecological model and identify how health education and health promotion will be/has been used at each level to address the health topic in their specific community. 

Paper requirement:

Must cite at least 3 peer reviewed journal articles and include a total of 7-10 references. Papers should be 5-8 pages in length ( not including reference page and title page), 12-font, double spaced, and Times New Roman. Students must follow APA 6th edition guidelines for in-text citations and references. A couple of sample papers are posted for guidance. 

Click on the "Week Four Signature Assignment – Ecological Research Paper Final Draft " link above to submit your assignment, as well to get more information on grading rubric.



Mental Health Awareness and Support among College Students in Urban Areas






Mental Health Awareness and Support among College Students in Urban Areas

The growing mental health issues of college students are one of the main problems that higher education is facing today. Many students around the world are dealing with many pressures from academics, socialization, and future uncertainties, and the result is great stress and anxiety. Acknowledgment of the significance of mental health and support systems in colleges is the key to tackling these problems successfully (Lipson et al., 2019). Nevertheless, although the problem of mental health in the college environment is getting more attention, college students still have many problems when they try to get hold of adequate support services (Lederer & Hoban, 2022).

Individual Psychological Factors

As college students find themselves in different situations, they experience a variety of psychological factors that affect their mental well-being. The problems of academic studies combined with the expectation of doing well may cause such stress levels to become more serious (Jiang et al., 2020). Students may encounter academic strain because of the pressure resulting from a heavy workload, high-performance expectations, and fear of failure. This unremitting force may result in the formation of anxiety, depression, and other mental problems. Along with this, adjusting to life in college can be too much for most students as they try to be independent in decision-making, peer relationships, and academic tasks. Cases of homesickness, loneliness, and inadequacy dominate the student population during the initial phase after relocation.

In addition to that, there is a stigma concerning mental health issues. It thwarts the purpose of getting help (Casados, 2017). One of the factors why students are afraid to seek help is the fear of being judged or having a bad reputation if they admit that they struggle with their mental health. Cultural value systems and mindset toward mental illness can also play their role in stigmatizing the process of seeking psychological help. Some communities may hold the view that mental health is a sign of being weak or of making a personal failure, and this effect further discourages people from asking for help (Casados, 2017). Thus, these psychological obstacles tend to inhibit students from asking for help when they desperately need it, which only aggravates their emotions and social withdrawal (Eisenberg, 2019).

Interpersonal Factors – Influence of Peer Support

Besides social support, peer networks become central in dealing with stress and addressing mental health issues among college students. These networks include friends, classmates, and many more who help us with emotional support, validation, and boost during difficult times. The students mostly approach their peers for counseling, comfort, and support if they are having pressure or mental health problems (Bornheimer et al., 2022). Peer support groups provide people with a sense of belonging and community, which often help individuals with feelings of loneliness and isolation. Through the process of sharing and learning from each other, students in peer groups can learn ways to prevent distress and improve mental health.

Friends and roommates, the support system, act as key players in the detection of symptoms of distress and patients' desire to seek help from college students. They are frequently the first to identify if the mood, attitude, or academic result changed, which may be evidence of inner health problems (Scholte & Van Aken, 2020). The role of supportive friends and roommates in the lives of students cannot be underestimated. It is these friends who can become the safe space for students to share their feelings and seek expert advice. Not only that, they can set an example for their peers to pay attention to themselves, talk to the professionals, and look for support or resources available on campus (Eisenberg, 2019). Through an open and frank exchange of ideas, friends, and roommates will be the catalysts of mental health stigma reduction, thus building the needed calming environment for those who may want to seek mental health care.

Along with the residents’ assistants (RAs), student organizations are also highly instrumental in spreading mental health awareness and fostering support amongst college students. RAs are equipped with the skill of providing students with comprehensive emotional support as they are the first people to talk to when crashes and upsets occur (Jiang et al., 2020). They support individuals by developing resource listings, operating peer-led support groups, and connecting vulnerable people to professional counselors at appropriate times. The student organizations that provide mental health awareness and advocacy organize events, workshops, and campaigns that teach students about mental health education and prevent stigma (Casados, 2017). By creating awareness and initiating Student-Led Dialogue programs concerning the mental well-being of students, RAs and student organizations also help to build a campus culture that focuses on mental health and provides unconditional support to students in need.

Peer-support networks represent a fairly important source for college students who struggle with mental health problems. These communities provide the students with emotional support, understanding, and practical tactics for managing stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental problems. Those include students' friends, roommates, RAs, and student organizations are distinctly involved in raising awareness of mental health problems, being more proactive regarding seeking help, and creating a campus environment where the students are very encouraged and empowered to improve their well-being (Scholte & Van Aken, 2020). Through utilizing peer support networks, the schools step up the mental health services and endow mental health recovery through resilience promotion among their students.

Organizational Factors

Services of mental health that are available and accessible on college campuses constitute the core components of mental health support required by students. Nevertheless, most colleges nowadays are unable to meet the growing demand for their counseling services (Eisenberg, 2019). Waiting in long lines, limited resources, and insufficient staff may prevent students from being able to access mental health services at the time when they are needed in the manner that they are needed. Moreover, the range and quality of mental health facilities cannot be compared among colleges, as some have comprehensive counseling centers while others rely on external referrals or short-term interventions.

Training school staff and faculty to be able to distinguish and help students with mental health problems is a significant outcome of this approach (Eisenberg, 2019). The faculty and academic mentors may have often come close to the students to see the brief of students' distress or academic setbacks. Offering knowledge on mental health, crisis intervention, and referral practices will aid staff and faculty in identifying students in need of care and linking them with proper assistance. Moreover, the student residence advisors and student leaders help to establish a campus culture that is mental health friendly by encouraging students to learn more about mental health problems and by organizing peer support activities.

College health clinics play a significant role in the provision of integrated mental health services such as counseling and psychiatric care (Jiang et al., 2020). However, funding, understaffing, and other priorities might cause difficulties in providing high-quality mental health care on college campuses. On the top list is the fact that students from impoverished or devalued communities may have more roadblocks in getting culturally competent and diverse mental health services. Investing in organizational resources such as counseling services, staff training, and health centers for students not only helps them overcome emotional and personal hurdles but also aids in preserving their mental health.

Community Factors

Collaborations between colleges and local mental health organizations can give students a chance to get the support they need (Sontag-Padilla et al., 2016). Community-oriented mental health awareness campaigns for college students on the theme of accessibility of resources can make people more aware of available resources and the stigma surrounding mental health (Auerbach et al., 2018). Through involvement with the campus community, colleges can tap into the available resources and expertise to provide phenomenal mental healthcare available to students.

Likewise, community collaboration can help in making referrals and accessing off-campus services in cases where the students need more complex services. Universities may achieve this goal by cooperating with community-driven organizations, counseling centers, and healthcare providers- a partnership that ensures the continuum of care, both inside and outside the campus (Lipson et al., 2019). Also, community services like support groups, crisis hotlines, and outpatient services can enrich campus mental health services through their addition to the already provided student support, which helps students when they need such help.

Policy/Societal Factors

Legislation that supports the availability of mental health services on college campuses is vital for honoring college students' health objectives (Lederer & Hoban, 2022). For example, National programs, like Healthy Campus 2020 and those supported by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), promote and provide the necessary guidance and resources to colleges to help them in their effort to improve mental health support services (SAMHSA, 2019). Policymakers can be helpful by advancing laws that put much effort into mental health on the college campus so they can create environments that support students' mental health and general well-being (Healthy Campus 2020, n.d.).

Moreover, taking into account systematic problems such as inequitable healthcare distribution, social determinants of health, and structural obstacles to access is important to maintaining the mental health of college students. Those policies that address the accessibility of mental health services, health insurance coverage, and campus resources may help reduce inequalities and guarantee that all students have equal opportunities to fully live their lives (Lederer & Hoban, 2022). By dealing with policy and social factors, colleges will have a more relevant and nurturing atmosphere that will focus on the well-being of all students and their mental health.


College students' mental health issues have to be addressed through a multipronged approach that considers individual, interpersonal, organizational, and community factors as well as policy issues. Colleges can advocate for mental health because of that awareness and support by making psychological obstacles visible, creating peer support networks, investing in organizational tools, reaching out to the larger community, and speaking up for policies that support mental health. It is crucial for colleges to include mental health in their priority list and take actionable steps that will help to develop a safe and secure environment for students, which may boost their academic performance.


Auerbach, R. P., Mortier, P., Bruffaerts, R., Alonso, J., Benjet, C., Cuijpers, P., … & Kessler, R. C. (2018). WHO world mental health surveys international college student project: Prevalence and distribution of mental disorders.  Journal of abnormal psychology127(7), 623.

Bornheimer, L. A., Czyz, E., Koo, H. J., Verdugo, J. L., Eisenberg, D., Zheng, K., … & King, C. A. (2022). Suicide risk profiles and barriers to professional help-seeking among college students with elevated risk for suicide.  Journal of psychiatric research152, 305-312.

Casados, A. T. (2017). Reducing the stigma of mental illness: Current approaches and future directions.  Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice24(3), 306.

Eisenberg, D. (2019). Countering the troubling increase in mental health symptoms among US college students.  Journal of Adolescent Health65(5), 573-574.

Healthy Campus (2020). (n.d.). Healthy Campus 2020.

Jiang, W., Lu, Y., & Xie, H. (2020). Education and mental health: Evidence and mechanisms.  Journal of Economic Behavior & Organizationpp. 180, 407–437.

Lederer, A. M., & Hoban, M. T. (2022). The development of the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment III: An improved tool to assess and enhance the health and well-being of college students.  Journal of American College Health70(6), 1606-1610.

Lipson, S. K., Lattie, E. G., & Eisenberg, D. (2019). Increased rates of mental health service utilization by US college students: 10-year population-level trends (2007–2017).  Psychiatric services70(1), 60-63.

MacPhee, M., Dahinten, V. S., & Havaei, F. (2017). The impact of heavy perceived nurse workloads on patient and nurse outcomes.  Administrative Sciences7(1), 7.

SAMHSA. (2019). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Scholte, R. H., & Van Aken, M. A. (2020). Peer relations in adolescence. In  Handbook of adolescent development (pp. 175-199). Psychology Press.

Sontag-Padilla, L., Woodbridge, M. W., Mendelsohn, J., D'Amico, E. J., Osilla, K. C., Jaycox, L. H., … & Stein, B. D. (2016). Factors affecting mental health service utilization among California public college and university students.  Psychiatric services67(8), 890-897.

Related Tags

Academic APA Assignment Business Capstone College Conclusion Course Day Discussion Double Spaced Essay English Finance General Graduate History Information Justify Literature Management Market Masters Math Minimum MLA Nursing Organizational Outline Pages Paper Presentation Questions Questionnaire Reference Response Response School Subject Slides Sources Student Support Times New Roman Title Topics Word Write Writing