Chat with us, powered by LiveChat This assignment is a theoretically informed individual 3,500-word report to address the identified challenges outline in your poster presentation. Th | EssayAbode

This assignment is a theoretically informed individual 3,500-word report to address the identified challenges outline in your poster presentation. Th

  

The Assessment Task

This assignment is a theoretically informed individual 3,500-word report to address the identified challenges outline in your poster presentation.

This report should develop a critical theoretical discussion using up to date credible sources to debate the different options for leaders/managers to deal with your outlined specific challenges. You should demonstrate the depth of your research by comparing and contrasting a range of theories in order to develop an analysis of the topic areas to provide practical solutions to the identified challenges. 

Please refer to the below guidance for further Clarity

1. Structural Guidelines

Introduction – a brief introduction to the report, please make sure that you write clearly and succinctly (there is only 3500 words)

Leadership and Management Challenges within Current Business Environment

a. Discuss challenges of leadership in terms of the chosen area 1 and possible ways of addressing them in your (or chosen) organisation

b. Discuss the challenges of leadership and management of the chosen area 2 and possible ways of addressing them in your (or chosen) organisation

Case Study Analysis – Link above discussed theories to analyse potential solutions for the challenges/issues identified.

a. The analysis on first chosen area

b. The Analysis on second chosen area 

Conclusion and Recommendations – Provide an overview of the report and some recommendations based on the above analysis

References – Please make sure to follow University guidance for Harvard Referencing and provide the list of references.

2. Quality Related Guidelines

Academic Support – It is mandatory that you support your arguments using current research and theories extracted from relevant and recognised journal articles. 

Academic Writing – You are expected to write succinctly and critically in line with the assessment task. 

Word Limits 

The maximum word limit for this assignment is 3,500 words.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this assessment, you will be able to:

Knowledge and understanding

a. Successfully critique and evaluate the different theoretical approaches around organisational behaviour.

b. Contextualise theoretical understanding by analysing current issues related to the discipline of Human Resource Management and Organisational Behaviour 

f. Provide an extended argument and justification in an appropriate written format.

Harvard Referencing

Contact Us Email: [email protected]

What is referencing? Referencing is a way of acknowledging other peoples’ ideas and work. You do this through a citation (in the text of your work) and a reference at the end of your work. Citing within the text of your work The citation within the text of your work is a brief acknowledgement (Surname, Year). If you are using a direct quotation or paraphrasing a specific idea you need to also include the page number, e.g. (Surname, Year, p.12). This is so your reader can locate the specific information you are referring to without needing to read the entire work. Please note quotations are in quotation marks. Example paraphrase: …Multiple factors impact an individual’s perceived body image. Jones (2010, p.21) has suggested that body image is related to self-esteem, others believe a more complex relationship exists (Philips, 1995; Norton, 2005). Example quotation: … whilst it is possible that “poor parenting has little effect on primary educational development it more profoundly affects secondary or higher educational achievement” (Healey, 2003, p.22). References list and bibliography References list: a list of all the sources that you have cited within your work Bibliography: a list of everything that you have cited and everything that you have used to help improve your understanding of the topic. Check to see if your tutor wants a references list or a full bibliography. Book Format Author surname, initials. (Year) Title. Edition if it is not the first edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Example Bowling, A. (2009) Research methods in health: investigating health and health services. 3rd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press. Journal article Format Author surname, initials. (Year) Title of article. Journal Name. Volume number(issue or part number), pp.first and last page numbers. Example Gilbert, D. A. and Hayes, E. (2009) Communication and outcomes of visits between older patients and nurse practitioners. Nursing Research. 58(4), pp.283-293. Newspaper Format Journalist surname, initials. (Year) Title of news item. Name of newspaper. Day, Month, pp.first and last page numbers. Example Peters, R. (2009) Picking up Maxwell’s bills. Independent. 4 June, p.28. Website Format Author (Year) Title. Source [online]. Available from: URL [Accessed date]. Example Stroke Association (2012) Our campaigns. Stroke Association [online]. Available from: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-we-do/our-campaigns/what-we-achieve-together [Accessed 24/08/16].

Harvard Referencing

Contact Us Email: [email protected]

Example Essay (please note this is a fictional example, only the references are correct). There has been a tendency amongst health workers to diagnose women experiencing domestic violence with a mental illness, rather than identifying the distress as a result of violence (Harne and Radford, 2008, p.44). However, progress has been made in helping the general public to recognise the signs and raise awareness of the many support networks in the UK (Stroke Association, 2012). Some social work practitioners have used different techniques to try and change the environment where domestic violence is prevalent (Gray, 2009). The education of health practitioners now includes ways of identifying and supporting victims of domestic violence “the NMC recognizes the importance of community nurses in supporting families to contact the support services where domestic violence occurs” (Williamson et al., 2008, p.25). References List – (check with your tutor to see if they want just a references list or a full bibliography) Gray, B. (2009) Befriending excluded families in Tower Hamlets: the emotional labour of family support workers in cases of child protection and family support. British Journal of Social Work, 39(6), pp.990-1007. Harne, L. and Radford, J. (2008) Tackling domestic violence: theories, policies and practice. Maidenhead: Open University Press. Stroke Association (2012) Our campaigns. Stroke Association [online]. Available from: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-we-do/our-campaigns/what-we-achieve-together [Accessed 24/08/16]. Williamson, G. R., Jenkinson, T. and Proctor-Childs, T. (2008) Nursing in contemporary healthcare practice. Exeter: Learning Matters. Bibliography – (check with your tutor to see if they want just a references list or a full bibliography) Gray, B. (2009) Befriending excluded families in Tower Hamlets: the emotional labour of family support workers in cases of child protection and family support. British Journal of Social Work, 39(6), pp.990-1007. Harne, L. and Radford, J. (2008) Tackling domestic violence: theories, policies and practice. Maidenhead: Open University Press. Hinchliff, S., Norman, S. and Schober, J. (2008) Nursing practice and health care. 5th ed. London: Hodder Arnold. NSPCC (2009) Children talking to ChildLine about parental alcohol drug misuse. NSPCC [online]. Available from: http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/publications/casenotes/parental_alcohol_drug_misuse_wda78113.html [Accessed 17th July 2013]. Stroke Association (2012) Our campaigns. Stroke Association [online]. Available from: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-we-do/our-campaigns/what-we-achieve-together [Accessed 24/08/16]. Weber, J. R. (2010) Nurses’ handbook of health assessment. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health. Williamson, G. R., Jenkinson, T. and Proctor-Childs, T. (2008) Nursing in contemporary healthcare practice. Exeter: Learning Matters.

We recommend you consult your tutor to see if they have a preferred referencing style.

,

Produced by Library and Learning Services 7th Edition, 2021

Harvard Referencing Guide

1

Table of Contents Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6 What is referencing? …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6

When do you need to reference? ……………………………………………………………………………. 6

When is a reference not needed? ……………………………………………………………………………. 6

Citing ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7

Referring to sources within your work (citing)…………………………………………………………. 7 Citing a short quotation ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7

Citing a long quotation …………………………………………………………………………………………. 7

Aiming to paraphrase rather than quote…………………………………………………………………… 8

Making changes to quotations ……………………………………………………………………………….. 8 Omitting part of a quotation ………………………………………………………………………………….. 8

Inserting your own or different words into a quotation. ………………………………………………. 8

Pointing out an error ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 8

Adding your own emphasis……………………………………………………………………………………. 8

Citing more than one source ………………………………………………………………………………….. 9 Citing a source with more than one author ……………………………………………………………….. 9

Citing sources by same author in same year ……………………………………………………………… 9

Citing sources by different authors with the same surname in the same year …………………..10

Citing a corporate author ………………………………………………………………………………………10 How do I cite a source with missing publication details? ……………………………………………..10

Citing a source without a given author………………………………………………………………….10

Citing a source without a given date …………………………………………………………………….10

Updated versions…………………………………………………………………………………………………11

Abbreviating organisation names ……………………………………………………………………………11 Citing a source used within another source: secondary referencing ……………………………….11

Citing confidential material ……………………………………………………………………………………12

Compiling your reference list …………………………………………………………………………………12

References list or bibliography? …………………………………………………………………………..12 Elements of a reference…………………………………………………………………………………………13

Publication information in the frontmatter of a book ………………………………………………….13

Title page………………………………………………………………………………………………………..13

Reverse title page……………………………………………………………………………………………..14

How do I reference if publication details are missing? …………………………………………………14 Referencing a source without a given author………………………………………………………….14

2

Referencing a source without a given date …………………………………………………………….14

Referencing a source used within a source: secondary referencing ………………………………..15

Referencing a source with more than one author ……………………………………………………….15 Referencing sources by the same author in the same year……………………………………………15

Referencing confidential material ……………………………………………………………………………15

What is a DOI?…………………………………………………………………………………………………….16

Referencing a source not listed in this guide……………………………………………………………..16 Example essay extract with citations and references list……………………………………………….16

Example reference formats for different source types………………………………………………….17

A ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………18

Act of Parliament………………………………………………………………………………………………18

App (Mobile) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………18 Archive material ……………………………………………………………………………………………….19

Artwork (in a gallery, museum, repository, collection or in a locality, body art or graffiti) ..19

Artwork (online) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….19

Art installation/exhibition …………………………………………………………………………………..20 B ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………20

Blog ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….20

Book ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………21

Book (translation) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..21

Book volume ……………………………………………………………………………………………………21 Book chapter (in an edited book) …………………………………………………………………………22

Book chapter (in an edited book with no names on chapters) ……………………………………22

Book illustrations, diagrams, logos or tables…………………………………………………………..23

British Standards ………………………………………………………………………………………………23

C ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………24 Case Law…………………………………………………………………………………………………………24

Cochrane Review………………………………………………………………………………………………24

Command Paper ………………………………………………………………………………………………24

Computer game ……………………………………………………………………………………………….25 Computer program …………………………………………………………………………………………..25

Computer software code ……………………………………………………………………………………26

Referencing within Code [For Computing Students] ……………………………………………………26

Header [For Computing students] ………………………………………………………………………..26

Disclaimer/Copyright [For Computing students] ……………………………………………………..26

3

Class Library/SDK Referencing [For Computing students] …………………………………………27

Method Referencing [For Computing students] ………………………………………………………27

Referencing within Methods/Classes [For Computing students] …………………………………27 Conference paper……………………………………………………………………………………………..28

Conference poster…………………………………………………………………………………………….28

Conversation (in person)…………………………………………………………………………………….28

D………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………29 Dance performance …………………………………………………………………………………………..29

Dance (online) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….29

Dataset …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..30

E ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………30

e-book (online) ………………………………………………………………………………………………..30 e-book (via e-book reader) …………………………………………………………………………………31

e-book chapter in an edited e-book …………………………………………………………………….31

Email………………………………………………………………………………………………………………32

EU publication (treaties, directives and regulations and decisions) ……………………………..32 F ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………33

Facebook ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..33

Film (DVD, broadcast or digital download) …………………………………………………………….33

Film (DVD: commentaries and special features) ………………………………………………………33

Film (streamed) ………………………………………………………………………………………………..34 G ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………34

Government document ……………………………………………………………………………………..34

H………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………35

Hansard ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….35

House of Commons and House of Lords Papers ……………………………………………………..35 I ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….36

Image (online) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….36

Image (Creative Commons licensed) …………………………………………………………………….36

Informal or in-house publication………………………………………………………………………….36 International standards………………………………………………………………………………………37

Interview …………………………………………………………………………………………………………37

Instagram ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….37

J ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….38

Journal article…………………………………………………………………………………………………..38

4

Journal article (forthcoming) ……………………………………………………………………………….38

Journal article (online) ……………………………………………………………………………………….39

Journal article (no issue number; article number given)…………………………………………….39 L……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….39

Leaflet…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….39

Leaflet (with no date)…………………………………………………………………………………………40

Lecturer’s/ tutor’s notes……………………………………………………………………………………..40 Legislation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………40

Letter ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..41

M ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..41

Magazine article ……………………………………………………………………………………………….41

Magazine article (online) ……………………………………………………………………………………41 Market report…………………………………………………………………………………………………..42

Map (Digimap) …………………………………………………………………………………………………42

Map (Google Earth) …………………………………………………………………………………………..42

Map (printed) …………………………………………………………………………………………………..43 Map (online) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………43

Museum artefact ………………………………………………………………………………………………43

Museum artefact (online)……………………………………………………………………………………44

Music (live performance/concert)…………………………………………………………………………44

Band concert: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..45 Classical: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………45

Music (lyrics) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………45

Music (musical score/sheet music) ……………………………………………………………………….46

Music (recorded track)……………………………………………………………………………………….46

Music streaming……………………………………………………………………………………………….47 N………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………47

Newspaper article …………………………………………………………………………………………….47

Newspaper article (online) ………………………………………………………………………………….47

O………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………48 Ofsted report …………………………………………………………………………………………………..48

Online discussion list or discussion forum ……………………………………………………………..48

Organisational documents/policies ………………………………………………………………………48

Organisational documents/policies (anonymised)……………………………………………………49

P ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………49

5

Patent …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….49

PDFs ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………50

Play ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….50 Podcast…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..50

Poem, short story or play in an anthology ……………………………………………………………..51

Poem in a collection ………………………………………………………………………………………….51

R ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………51 Radio broadcast ……………………………………………………………………………………………….51

Religious text …………………………………………………………………………………………………..52

S ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………52

Self-citation …………………………………………………………………………………………………….52

Skype……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..53 Sound recording (based on recorded lectures) ……………………………………………………….53

Statutory Instrument …………………………………………………………………………………………53

T ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………54

Telephone call………………………………………………………………………………………………….54 Television advertisement ……………………………………………………………………………………54

Television programme (broadcast) ……………………………………………………………………….55

Television programme (streamed content, e.g. Netflix, BBC iPlayer)…………………………….55

Theatre performance (live) ………………………………………………………………………………….55

Theatre programme (print) …………………………………………………………………………………56 Thesis or dissertation…………………………………………………………………………………………56

Translated material……………………………………………………………………………………………56

Twitter ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………57

V ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………57

Video (online e.g. YouTube, TED) …………………………………………………………………………57 Video (subscribed content e.g. Anatomy TV, SAGE video) …………………………………………58

W ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..58

Webinar ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….58

Website or webpage …………………………………………………………………………………………59 Wiki ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….59

Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….60

6

Introduction This guide has been designed to provide examples and guidance on how to use UON Harvard referencing in a consistent and accurate manner. Library and Learning Services have also produced a two-page quick start to referencing, ‘The Harvard Referencing – Quick Guide’. It is important to check with your tutor to see if they have any specific referencing requirements.

What is referencing? Referencing is a way of acknowledging other peoples’ ideas and work. You do this through a citation (in the text of your work) and a reference at the end of your work. References to other people’s ideas and work are an important part of academic writing as they: • provide support for arguments and claims that you make • show evidence of the breadth and depth of your reading

Remember to reference every source that you use: • to avoid plagiarism (i.e. to take other peoples’ thoughts, ideas or writings and use them

as your own) • to allow the reader of your work to refer to the original source to check and verify the

ideas presented • to avoid losing marks!

When do you need to reference? You need to reference when: • you quote another person (or group of people) or copy images • you write about an idea which another person (or group of people) has created. For example: There has been a tendency amongst health workers to diagnose women experiencing domestic violence with a mental illness, rather than identifying the distress as a result of violence (Harne and Radford, 2008, p.44).

When is a reference not needed? You do not need to reference when: • when you are writing about your own ideas (unless you have included them in a previous

assignment) • when the information you are writing about is common knowledge, for example: Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire. To decide whether a piece of information is common knowledge, ask yourself whether your reader could be familiar with the information without needing to do any research and whether the information is widely available. If the answer to both of these is ‘yes’, the information is probably common knowledge; but it’s better to err on the side of caution and include a reference if you are in any doubt.

7

Citing Referring to sources within your work (citing) The citation within the text of your work is a brief acknowledgement to a source you have used for any of the reasons listed above. If you are using a direct quotation or are referring to a specific idea or assertion by an author, you need to let your reader know where you found the information by giving the author/creator’s surname, the year and the page number, e.g. (Surname, Year, Page). Example 1: Research has shown a direct link between body image and self-esteem (Jones, 2010, p.4) Example 2: Jones’ research has shown a direct link between body image and self-esteem (2010, p.4) The page number is important, as one of the prime functions of referencing is to e

Related Tags

Academic APA Assignment Business Capstone College Conclusion Course Day Discussion Double Spaced Essay English Finance General Graduate History Information Justify Literature Management Market Masters Math Minimum MLA Nursing Organizational Outline Pages Paper Presentation Questions Questionnaire Reference Response Response School Subject Slides Sources Student Support Times New Roman Title Topics Word Write Writing